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 栏目类别:知识点 >> 初中 >> 英语

so的用法及意思总结大全

更新时刻:2018/11/20 10:56:00  手机版

  同学们都知道,so可用作副词和连词,作副词,可译作“这样地;像……相同;(……也)正是那样”,作连词,可译作“所以;那么.”,下面是答案网小编收拾的so的用法及意思总结大全,喜爱就保藏一下吧。

  so用作并排连词时首要表明成果,意为“因而”“所以”。如:

  I was tired, so I went to bed earlier. 我累了所以早点睡了。

  He took my shoes, so I couldn’t leave the house. 他把鞋拿走了,我出不了门。

  It was very cold, so we had to wear warm clothes. 气候很冷,所以咱们得穿温暖的衣服。

  按英语习气,表明成果的so不能与表明原因的because套用,在使用时只能保存其间的一个。如:

  那是一个难题,所以我最终才答复。

  误:Because that was a difficult question, so I answered it last.

  正:That was a difficult question, so I answered it last.

  正:Because that was a difficult question, I answered it last.

  1. so一般置于所润饰的形容词、副词之前.

  so润饰“a(an)+形容词+名词”时,摆放次序为“so+形容词+a(an)+名词”.如:

  I”ve never seen so amusing a film.

  我从来没有看过这么风趣的电影.

  此刻要注意与such的差异,即such润饰“a(an)+形容词+名词”,摆放次序为such +a(an)+形容词+名词.如:I”ve never seen such a beautiful lake.

  我从未见过这么美丽的湖.

  此刻要注意:a, an置于such之后,但no,any, some, all, many等则置于such之前.如:

  I”ve heard of some such rumors.

  我听到过一些这样的谣传.

  2. so+系动词(助动词或神态动词)+另一主语.

  此句型是主谓倒装结构,表明前句所述必定状况也适用于另一主语.其间so作“也这样;也如此”解.

  此刻要注意:so后的系动词、助动词或神态动词须同前一句的谓语动词保持一致.如:

  I enjoy reading the book and so does my wife.

  我喜爱看这本书,我的妻子也喜爱.

  so用于必定句,否定句则用neither.如:

  I don”t like carrots.

  我不喜爱胡萝卜.

  Neither do I.

  我也不喜爱.

  3. so +主语+系动词(助动词或神态动词)此句型的主语与前一句的主语相同,因而主谓不倒装.

  这种句型表明说话者对前句所说到的状况或现实表明附和,其间so作“不错;的确如此”解.如:

  -It is cold today.

  今天气候很冷.

  -So it is.

  不错,是很冷.

  -He studies hard.

  他学习很尽力.

  -So he does.

  的确如此.

  4. 主语+表明观点、定见等动词+so

  在此句型中,so只用于防止重复前面所说过的内容,等于代替必定的名词性从句.可与believe, imagine, do, expect, fear, guess, hope, say, speak, suppose, think等动词及I”m afraid连用.如:

  -Is he going to study abroad?

  他计划去留学吗?

  -I believe so. (=I believe (that)he is going to study abroad. )我想是的.

  此刻要注意:think so, believe so, expect so,等变为否定方法有两种办法:(1)可以用动词的否定结构.如:I don”t believe(suppose, think …)so等;(2)也可用not代替so,但be afraid so,fear so,hope so等变为否定方法只能用not代替so.如:I hope not, I fear not, I”m afraid not.

  要注意此用法不能和表明坚信、疑问的词连用.如:

  I”m sure of it.

  我坚信如此.(不能说I”m sure so. )

  5. 主语+do+so

  在此句型中,so和动词do连用,可用来代替上文呈现过的动宾和动状结构,以防止重复.如:

  -Have you handed in your homework?

  你的作业交了没有?

  -I did so yesterday. (did so = handed in my homework. )(动宾结构)我的作业交了.

  -Jack can jump over the fence.

  杰克能越过这个栅门.

  -I”m not sure whether David can do so. (do so = jump over the fence. )(动状结构)大卫能不能,我没把握.

  6. 作连词时,意为“因而,所以”引导意图或成果状语从句.如:

  I”m going to take an early bus so that I”ll get there in time.

  我计划乘早班公共汽车,以便及时赶到那里.(意图状语从句)

  I took an early bus so that I got there in time.

  我乘了早班公共汽车,及时赶到了那里.(成果状语从句)

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